The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the ki

inds of market-driven reforms needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in resear

ch and development, but it should be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

Nobody likes competition against themselves. So, it must be admitted that China’s transition to a high-tech, high-

value-added economy will come as a shock to many companies around the world. The US economy, which has about 7

percent of GDP in high-tech manufacturing, will be lightly affected by this change.

On the other hand, advanced manufacturing contributes around 20 percent of GDP in Sout

h Korea, Japan, Germany and a few smaller European countries. They will be much more directly affected.

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Chinese exporters have from 20 to 50 percent of the

 US market in other low-value-added markets, plus electrical machinery and equipment, mechanical

appliances, and iron and steel. In most other categories, China has less than 20 percent of the US market.

China also assembles and then exports a lot of phones, computers and other gadgets to the US. But, most of the profits and

wages go to Japanese or South Korean component producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

kes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese

are much better off than they were even 10 years ago. But it does mean that these lo

w-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US tariffs on such products will only se

rve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

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Chinese couples should get one thing right: the educa

ation, health and safety of their children are very important, but so is their conjugal relationsh

ip. And they should realize that by leaving their children to enjoy some spare time on their own eve

ryday, they will help them develop into better human beings with abundant life skills.

Luo Huilan, a professor of women’s studies at China Women’s University

Teach children how to be a good person

People tend to get anxious when they are not certain about facing or handl

ing a situation. For example, a person won’t feel nervous if he or she knows in adv

ance the exact procedure to be followed and the time needed to catch a train from a specific station.

Chinese moms usually shoulder the main responsibility for their kids’ education an

d face criticism when their kids don’t succeed in their endeavor. Their anxiousness,

chinacctm.cn

address Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations

 President Xi Jinping will deliver a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the Conferen

ce on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations to be held on May 15 in Beijing, a senior official said Thursday.

Xu Lin, deputy head of the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China Cen

tral Committee and director of the State Council Information Office, made the announcement at a press conference.

Under the theme of “exchanges and mutual learning among Asian civilizations and a community with a shared futu

re,” the conference includes an opening ceremony and sub-forums, said Xu, also vice president of the event’s executive committee.

More than 2,000 government officials and representatives of various circles from 47 Asia

n countries and other countries outside the region will attend the opening ceremony and forums, said Xu.

A grand Asian culture carnival, an Asian civilization week, and an Asian food festival will also be held during the event.

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Government pledges more red tape cuts of items requiri

China will further cut the number of items requiring certificatio

n and refine the procedures through institutional inno

vation to improve government services and foster a more enabling business environment.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting, chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday.

Participants at the meeting agreed that the government’s efforts in recent years to repeal unwarranted certification requ

irements and deepen the reform of government functions have produced notable results.

“These are crucial steps benefiting both companies and individuals

,” Li said. “At a time when the economy still faces uncertainties, removing these unjustified cer

tification requirements will help boost market vitality and improve the business environment.”

hheeh.cn

hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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Chan also said that trade secrets at times were diffic

cult to legally protect in the past, causing “huge trouble for American tech

nology companies in protecting core and critical technologies” that they could not patent.

The latest amendments to the Anti-Unfair Competition Law, which unde

rwent a substantial revision in 2017, have emphasized protecting trade secrets.

He said in that in January, China’s Supreme People’s Cour

t set up an IPR court to handle complex appeals on patent litigation.

Chan said “all these measures” have led to progress for 59 percent of t

he US companies operating in China in protecting trademarks and brands in the pa

st five years, according to the American Chamber of Commerce in China.

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Military drill near Taiwan ‘necessary’sman for the State Coun

Mainland slams response by island’s leader, who called exercise ‘a threat’

A spokesman for the Chinese mainland said a military drill by Chinese bombers and warships around Taiwan on Monday was routin

e and slammed the island’s administration for misleading the Taiwan people and hyping tensions.

On Monday, various warships, bombers and reconnaissance aircr

aft of the People’s Liberation Army Eastern Theater Command conducted “necessary train

ing” around Taiwan as a means to test the joint assault capability between different branches of the military, Senior Colone

l Zhang Chunhui, the theater command’s spokesman, said in a statement on Monday.

The exercise took place in waters east of Taiwan and was part of a scheduled PLA exercise, he said.

“It is completely within the normal legal rights of a sovereign cou

ntry, and it’s beneficial for maintaining peace and security in the Taiwan Straits,” Zhang said.

www.21nh.cn

Wang Xiaoshuai: Auteur’s film shows solicitude towar

the latest film by leading Chinese auteur Wang Xiaoshuai, sets to examine changing times in modern China.

It is a family saga about parenthood, friendship, struggle and forg

iveness. Covering a large stretch of space and time, t

he story moves from the 1980s to the present, and from the North to the South of China.

Known for realism, Wang is no stranger to prominent international film festivals. This time,

his work scooped two Berlin Film Festival awards – Silver Bear for Best Actress and Best Actor.

On the occasion of So Long, My Son screening in Chinese cinemas, China Daily sp

oke with him about the film’s production, his life and his view on Chinese auteur film.

www.xxxcj.cn

With an increasing number of donations and surg

eries performed every year, authorities have also established a computerized supervision syst

em that covers the entire sector, including organ donation, retrieval, distribut

ion and transplant, so they are under the supervision of health authorities, she said.

Despite the increase in the number of donors, a shortage of organs is still seve

re in China, considering the number of patients in need of transplant surgeries.

Every year about 300,000 patients with terminal diseases need transplants in China, but

only about 20,000 surgeries can be done, according to Huang Jiefu, former-vice-minis

ter of health and now chairman of the China National Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee.

Chen Xinguo, director of the organ transplant center at Armed Police Force General Hospital, said th

at since people’s traditional beliefs are still a major obstacle to organ donations, more education is required.

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